Integrated Design

Integrated design within discipline of architecture can be regarded as a whole composed of clear hierarchies. As successful contemporary architectural design is achieved through an efficient collaborative process amongst different teams, we consider integrated design as a ¡®differentiation-before-integration¡¯ process. In being the primary party within this process, architects should offer a clear-cut work interface division and design guidelines to all teams. First of all, we establish a set of design frame systems with a clear logic, define the range of each architectural system, and produce collaborative interfaces among different systems simultaneously. Based on these architectural systems, we are then able to assign tasks to each team, creating further collaborative interfaces though effective connections between the teams. In addition each architectural system is able display its own technical and artistic characteristics. 


In terms of function, contemporary buildings in comparison with those in the past are often faced with a higher level of uncertainties. As this potential change of function and pattern of use may become a normal state, an effective architectural response should be considered. Thus to facilitate buildings with a higher degree of flexibility and adaptability, we place the emphasis on the clear division of ¡®use space¡¯ and ¡®service space¡¯. ¡®Use space¡¯ adopts the open and standard space frame that permits adaptability to the ever-changing user demand; whereas ¡®service space¡¯ is seen as the integration of architectural equipment and vertical transportation, offering services to the whole building. 

Modularization & Detailing

The modularized design and construction of buildings takes it origin from industrial manufacturing, as the whole building or any part of it can be assembled with a series of prefabricated modules that are then repeatedly used. This high efficiency attributable to the repetition of these elements allows us to focus resources on the detailed design of one module and on the optimization of production techniques. Buildings comprised of such modules can often display distinct forms, dimensions and aesthetic rhythm.


The juxtaposition of opaqueness and transparency, heaviness and lightness, complexity and simplicity, and other such seemingly conflicting factors may bring about an unexpected expressiveness when displayed in one building. Therefore the notion of ¡®conflicts¡¯ is considered an important way to develop artistic appeal and endow architecture with an intrinsic vitality. 

Culture & Context

To varying degrees, a building is associated with its contextual setting both materially and spiritually. This association may relate to either traditional or contemporary phenomena; responding to either an artificial environment or more natural elements, and move between an orthodox or playful state. Through the in-depth exploration into local culture and context, we construct narrative themes through elements such as time, space, material, light, sound, technique, and function, and render buildings with culturally added values beyond their architectural forms.